There is one water pump shared by the street. but the water is polluted. There is one outside loo for the whole street. The bath if they owed one would be put in front of the rang- the warmest place in the house. Each room would have a coal fire. At night bed pans would warm the bed. Often a whole family would sleep and live in one room. There was a lounge, a kitchen for 16 people downstairs, two bedrooms upstairs, a communal back yard.
In Nottingham out of a total of 11000 houses, 8000 where back to backs in the 1840’s. The materials used where the cheapest available. Often slate from Wales. Nightmen would clear the courtyard and cesspit toilet at night as local law stipulated. Manchester experienced a six fold increase in population between 1771 and 1831. Bradford grew 50% every ten years between 1811 and 1851. By 1851 only 50% of the population where actually born there. There was little planning regulation, and what there was was ignored. Houses didn’t have running water and where damp.
“Snow fluttering through the deep blue cotton wool sky entering our numb cold dreams”
“Its so cold in winter and the walls are damp”
“There is nought in our heads but toil and graft”
“At night the moon beats, like the hearts of the thousands in rows of straight terraced houses urban slums”
“I give you Bradford a soot red city of rows of houses and 28 mill chimneys above large factories belching out smoke”
“We woke one day after years of dreamless sleep, there in front of us was a world city scape of dragon chimneys giant factories”
“Dire houses all in shades of black and grey”
“We rubbed our eyes closed them but the industrial city remained”
“Most where neither glad or saddened by the homes”
“Darkened red brick graves with tombstone windows”