There are two types of diabetes, type 1 which is congenital and type 2 or late onset diabetes, which occurs later in life.
With type 2 which 90 % of adults suffer with. The pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin. Which is the chemical key to transporting glucose into cells. Without this blood sugar levels can be too high. Causing potentially damage to blood veins, heat attacks, strokes, circulation problems, leading to amputation and eyesight problems and even coma and death.
Diabetes type 2 is regarded as an increasing epidemic in affluent western countries and costs the NHS much resources and money.
In most cases it can be treated and managed successfully with drugs, exercise, and changes in diet. Although much research has gone into trying to find a cure of diet and exercise without drugs. As of yet medicine is still needed in most cases. Although avoiding sugary foods is vital. One study advocated “coconut” the author finds this hopeful but not a substitute for eg metformin, just yet.
It is estimated 5% of UK are currently diagnosed with diabetes, with many more unaware of having the condition.
insulin producing cells in rat pancreas natural or synthetic insulin drug